Indictable Offences are very serious offences according to the Criminal Code of Canada. These offenses have a greater penalty. Most offences that require prosecution by indictment also means you have to undergo trial by jury and, more often than not, a preliminary hearing is needed.

Summary Conviction Offences have lighter penalties, such as fines or a maximum imprisonment of six months.

Sometimes, depending on the crime, there can be hybrid offences where the sentence combines both Indictable Offences and Summary Conviction Offences.